FREELAND IN AFRICA
Africa is a continent immensely rich in biodiversity, and is home to an abundance of wildlife, from African wild dog to the mountain gorilla to black rhinoceros. Poaching and wildlife trafficking has decimated Africa’s wildlife by the millions, which not only threaten many irreplaceable animal and plant species, but also have an effect on the economy and security of the communities that live around them. Pangolin scales, rhino horn and elephant tusk are the most commonly trafficked wildlife products in this region.
FREELAND IN NORTH AMERICA
The United States, Canada, and Mexico are the largest players in the North American wildlife trade market. According to a 2016 factsheet from Defenders of Wildlife, the United States seized 50,000 illegal shipments of traded wildlife products from 2005 to 2014.
FREELAND IN SOUTH AMERICA
As the world’s most biodiverse continent, home to roughly 40% of the world’s plant and animal species, Latin America has become a hub for the criminal trade. According to the Living Planet Report 2014, South America’s animal populations have fallen by 83% since the 1970s. The most endangered species include the South American Tapir, giant otter, Uakari monkey, White-cheeked spider money and Hyacinth macaw.
FREELAND IN SOUTH ASIA
South Asia accounts for 15% of the world’s biodiversity, and make up one fourth of the world’s population with 1.8 billion people, making it the most populous and most densely populated region in the world. Some specifies and wildlife products that are illegally traded in the region are tiger and leopard skins, turtles and tortoises, sea horses, snake venom, mongoose hair, snake skins, tokay gecko, and bear bile.
FREELAND IN SOUTHEAST ASIA
Southeast Asia is a wildlife trade hotspot, working as both a supplier and consumer. Also known as the Golden Triangle, the border areas connecting Thailand, Lao and Myanmar are known for being both a source and destination for illegal wildlife trade. The products and animals that are most popularly traded in the region are pangolin scales, tiger bones, and rhino horn used for traditional medicinal purposes, Palm Cockatoos, tortoises and freshwater turtles and snakes for pet trade, and marine turtle and elephant ivory for trophies.